Chhattisgarh is a pioneer State of India, producing the best quality
Tendu (Diospyros melanoxylon) leaves. The Tendu leaves are used as
Beedi (rural form of cigarette) wrappers. The production of Tendu leaves is approximately 16.44 lacs standard bags annually,
which is nearly 20% of the total Tendu leaves production of the
country. One standard bag of Tendu leaves in Chhattisgarh comprises
of 1000 bundles of 50 leaves each. In
Chhattisgarh the collection season is from
third week of April to second week of June. The collection season
starts earlier in the Southern part of the state in comparison to
Northern part of the state.
The Chhattisgarh Govt. took a major policy decision in 2004 that
instead of selling godowned leaves sell the green leaves in advance to the
purchaser. However the collection of leaves and the payment of the
collection wages to the pluckers will be done by the Primary
Co-operative Society only. Green leaves will be handed over at the
collection centre to the purchaser appointed in advance of
collection. The purchaser will treat the leaves at collection
centre, transport and store in his godowns or the godowns of Forest
Department / Federation in double lock inside the State. The purchaser will make the payment of the
purchase price in four equal installments and the leaves are released to Purchaser accordingly. After implementation of
this policy, most of the quantity of leaves has been sold in advance to the
purchasers. More over the average sale rates received are also better.
In nut shell the change in the trade of Tendu leaf
policy has brought good results.
Tendu Leaves Collection and Trade Practices
The State is divided into 31 District Unions and District Union is divided into 916 Primary Co-operativde Societies which is divided into collection centres. Primary Co-operative Society are basic units of MFP trade. The Managig Director, District Union controls the over all functions of all primary units under its jurisdiction.
These primary units are sold in advance through e-tenders and e-auctions by
MFP Federation, Raipur.
The funds for various operations are made available to the
District Unions by the state level M.F.P. Federation. The
District Unions provide funds for procurement to the Primary
The leaves collected by gatherers are purchased by the Phad
Munshi (Manager of collection centre) of Primary Co-operative Society at every collection centre (called phad) . One
employee of Forest or other Govt. Department works as Phad
Abhirakshak (in-charge of collection centre) at each collection centre.
Each family is given a collectors card. The daily collection of
the gatherer is entered in the card by Phad Munshi and accordingly the payment
of collection charges of leaves is made preferably by transfering the amount in gatherer's bank account or by cheque and the entry of
the payment is made in the card.
The payment of the collection wages
to the pluckers is done by the Primary Co-operative Society
Green leaves are handed over at the collection centres to the
purchaser appointed in advance of collection.
The purchaser treats the leaves at collection centres.
Transports and stores in his owned godowns or the godowns of Forest
Department/Federation in double lock.
The purchaser makes the payment of the purchase price in four
equal installments and accordingly leaves are released from double locked godown.
The security deposit is 25% of the contract amount, minimum 10%
in the form of Cash / Bank Draft (including E.M.D.) and balance in the form of Bank Draft / Discharged Fixed Deposit Receipt / Bank Guarantee.
The processing, transport and storage of leaves in the unsold units are done by Primary Co-operative Societies and
the District Union.
The District administration is also involved in the management during the collection.
The collection rate for Tendupatta is Rs.
Standard Bag for the year 2020. One standard bag consists of 1000 bundles, each bundles contains 50 leaves.
The year wise detail of Collection and Sale of Tendu leaves in the State are as follows :-
(Lakh Standard Bags)
| Sale Value
| Average Sale Rate
(Rs. per Std. Bag)
16.72 (Estimated Quantity)
* 0.48 Lakh Standard Bags Tendu Leaves of 2019 season is balance for sale.
** 1.34 Lakh Standard Bags Tendu Leaves of 2020 season is balance for sale.
*** 3.38 Lakh Standard Bags (Estimated Quantity) Tendu Leaves of 2021 season is balance for sale.
List of Primary Co-operative Societies
List of Collection Centre (Phads)