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Trade of Non-Specified Minor Forest Produce - Sal Seed


.: SAL SEED

Sal seed is obtained from the species Shorea robusta, and contains 13-14% of oil. The oil is used as a substitute of cocoa butter and also in confectionaries and eatables. The oil cake remaining after oil extraction contains 10-12% of protein and is used as high protein chicken feed. It is also used as organic manure in agriculture. The production of Sal seed varies from year to year. Collection season is from June to July each year. The important Sal seed producing District Unions of Chhattisgarh are - Jagdalpur, Keshkal, South Kondagaon, East Bhanupratappur, Gariyaband, Dhamtari, Dharamjaigarh, Korba, Jashpur, Balrampur, Surguja, Korea etc. 


Sal Seed Collection and Trade Practices


    Govt. of India has started the scheme  Mechanism for Marketing of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) through Minimum Support Price (MSP) and Development of Value Chain for MFP so that the Minor Forest Produce collectors can get better price for their produce. Sal seed is purchased under this scheme in Chhattisgarh State. The collection rate for Sal seed is Rs. 1300/- per quintal for the year 2018. Sal seed is non specified MFP so any body can purchase from getherer in open market and Primary Co-operative Society purchases the produce on minimum support price from the collectors.

     

  • The funds for collection of the sal seed are made available to the District Unions by the state level M.F.P. Federation. The District Unions provide funds for procurement to the Primary Societies.
  • The Sal seed collected by collectors are purchased and bagged 50 Kgs bag by the Phad Munshi of Primary Society at every collection centre.
  • Each family is given a collectors card. The daily collection of the collector is entered. The payment of collection charges of seeds is made and the entry of the payment is made in the card like Tendu leaves.
  • Regular anti-insect Treatment/Fumigation is required in godowned Sal seed, which is carried out regularly by Experts.
  • The collected and godowned quantity of Sal seed is dispossed off by e-Tenders/e-Auctions by M.F.P. Federation, Raipur.

 

The collection and sale of Sal seed in different years are as follows :-


Year

Collected Quantity (Lac Qtls.)

Collection wages
(Rs. Crores)

Sale Value
(Rs. Crores)

Average Sale Rate

(Rs. per Qntl.)

2001

4.77

15.28

19.60

411

2002

1.38

4.84

7.95

574

2003

8.55

42.74

21.80

255

2004

1.25

6.24

5.35

429

2005

9.24

46.22

30.56

331

2006

0.488

2.44

3.59

736

2007

6.06

30.32

59.09

974

2008

0.899

8.99

12.64

1407

2009

8.864

88.64

51.07

582

2010

1.34

6.72

6.76

502

2011

0.392

2.94

3.74

955

2012

7.13

35.72

44.89

629

2013

0.013

0.10

0.11

843

2014

1.257

12.57

16.57

1328

2015

1.120

11.20

5.85

523

2016

0.028

0.28

0.30

1177

2017

1.232

12.32

18.63

1513

2018

0.012

0.16

0.09

711