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Trade of Non-Specified Minor Forest Produce - Lac


.: LAC DEVELOPMENT


In Chhattisgarh Kusum, Palash & Ber trees are in abundance as a host plant, thus the cultivation of Lac is an important source of income of rural people. At present under Lac Development scheme 83 Lac cultivation project are being run in the District Unions, treating 66,934 Kusum trees, 4,73,768 Palash trees & 5,442 Ber trees by 22,238 beneficiaries. A Lac training & Extension Centre has also been established in Kanker and till date 231 Master trainers / Lac cultivator farmers has been trained in the above centre.

 

Chhattisgarh being one of the leading lac producing state in the country, annual production of lac is approx 4000 MT. Major lac producing districts in the state are Jagdalpur, Kanker, Mahasamund, Gariaband, Korea, Sarguja and Kabeerdham.


Lac Cultivation - Calender

Types of Lac Crop

Host Tree

Pruning

Brood lac Inoculation

Crop Harvesting (After 6 months of Brood lac Inoculation)

Kusumi Lac

Kusum

Jan-Feb.
June-July

After 18 months of pruning Approx. 5 to 7 kg per tree

June -July
Jan-Feb

Rangini Lac

Palash & Ber

April-May
Oct-Nov.

After 6 months of pruning Approx. 0.50 to 1 kg per tree

Oct-Nov.
April-May


Average Annual Income per Host Tree from Lac Cultivation

Palash = Rs. 900/- to Rs. 1000/-
Ber = Rs. 1200/- to Rs. 1500/-
Kusum = Rs. 8000/- to Rs. 10000/-

 


Swarn-Jayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY)


Under SGSY scheme for the beneficiaries living below poverty line 26 Lac cultivation & processing microenterprises have been established in various District unions / divisions. In above projects financial partnership of Central & State Government is in ratio of 75:25. In these projects Lac cultivation activities are being executed by treating 45,000 Kusum trees and 2,00,000 Palash trees by 13,214 beneficiaries. As a result of the implementation of the project 3810.26 quintal Brood Lac & 4597.93 quintal Scrap Lac has been produced till December 2014 and approximate market value of the above produce is about Rs 27.13 Crore.


To promote and facilitate lac cultivation in the state Lac Facilitation Centres has also been established in forest circle headquarters at Jagdalpur (07782-222006), Kanker (07868-222014), Raipur (0771-2523769), Durg (0788-2210814), Bilaspur (07752-227624) & Sarguja (07774-240544). For more information people can also contact to respective Divisional forest offices.


In season 2015 Kusumi and Rangini Lac is being procured at the rate of Rs. 320/- per kg & Rs 230/- per kg respectively in various collection centers of the District unions / Divisions under the Minimum Support Price Scheme of Government of India.